Hypertension is common in adults aged>25. It is estimated that around 40% of the global population is having raised blood pressure. This will continue to be a global health issue we need to face in the coming years. Having an increased blood pressure will damage the blood vessels and the organs being perfused. The higher the blood pressure and the duration of hypertension, the more damage it will cause our body.
Hypertension can lead to heart attacks and stroke. These are the more severe complications of hypertension. Hypertension can lead to hardening and thickening of the blood vessels. With time, it can progress to heart attack and stroke.
“The higher the blood pressure and the duration of hypertension, the more damage it will cause our body.”
Heart failure is the failure of the heart to cope with the body’s need for pumping out blood to vital organs. People with hypertension will require more work to be done by the heart to overcome the raised blood pressure. This will lead to thickening of the heart muscle (hypertrophy) to cope with the work. Eventually, the heart will fail to compensate and lead to heart failure.
Vision loss is a dreadful complication of uncontrolled hypertension. Long-term hypertension will cause thicken, narrowed and torn blood vessels of your eyes.
Impaired kidney function is another complication. Hypertension can weaken the blood vessels supplying the kidneys causing impaired function.
“hypertension can lead to serious end organ damage”